Remember that we’ll present the content and hold our discussions through Canvas this semester. The assignment pages, while available on this website, are also available through Canvas. Thanks!
I just went to the Digital Promise literacy conference yesterday and one presenter discussed many new technologies for teaching research and writing/discussion that I was not aware of! So hot off the presses, here are some new technologies you might find as interesting options for your final projects. If you want to do one, email me and I can discuss with you how many points it will be worth.
If you’re interested in learning a new way of presenting and sharing information on the web or in person, check out this page of information on Prezi!
Want to add in a snazzy clip of a video to your own instructional video project? There is a growing library of Creative Commons-licensed videos on Youtube that you can use in your projects. Some look pretty good! To access them, log in to Youtube, click on your account in the upper right and select video manager. Then video editor in the top left, and click the “CC” creative commons icon to see some CC-licensed videos. Cool!
Very possibly. Analysts think in a few years tablets will outsell computers. Read this article to learn more and tell me what you think!
Here’s an interesting new technology to promote collaboration in groups—Wiggio. I haven’t ever used it, but if someone wants to explore it for a Personal Technology Project, I’d love to hear what you think!
Watch this video and tell me what you think!
Here’s another example of a great instructional video that one student shared as their copyright example. I think this would be a great project for an English class for example.
I have finished grading the copyright assignments, so if you have a score of 0 it is because I couldn’t see it online for the online students, or in my email for the face to face students. If you did turn it in, please direct me to where it is! If you haven’t, please do so!
There have been some really good questions raised in the online class, but you are all in different groups online, so I thought I would answer some of these questions here so that everyone could see them. Keep in mind that I’m not a copyright expert, I’m just a teacher like you doing my best to understand it!
Also, be sure to check the module again in Canvas for the online students, as I answered these and other questions you had!
Tani asked how we can know if something is public domain or not?
Excellent question. It’s sometimes hard to know, and often best to assume it’s not public domain. This is how I understand it. Typically it is copyrighted for the life of the author plus 70 years. But sometimes that changes, if an heir applies to have the copyright extended. You can always email the copyright owner and ask them. Sometimes it’s obvious, like in the case of a Tale of Two Cities. Who would own the copyright? Every major publisher publishes a version of that book! That’s our first clue that it’s public domain.
Kara – Since we now have to follow copyright rules, do we need to go back and cite any videos, pictures on our websites?
It would be the right thing to do. I won’t dock you points because you had not yet “reached the age (in our class) of accountability” – hah! But it would be the right thing to do. You can do this by listing the source in smaller text below the image, or at the bottom or the website, or some feel it is ok to make the image a link that links back to the original source.
Patrick asked: for music, can you use pandora or grooveshark? or is this kind of a grey area too?
Lindsey added, “I have the same question as Patrick. Also, can you play music that you have purchased yourself? I did one activity with a class where I played a song, displayed the lyrics and then had them debate lyric censorship rights in relation to the first amendment. Does this mean I was violating copyright laws?”
Excellent questions! Sites like Gooveshark and Pandora have to pay a fee to the original artists for the right to play their work. It’s the same as with regular radio stations. Recently there was a lot of debate about this because the fee they would have to pay each artist for each person who heard their music on the site was going up exponentially, and Pandora argued it would put them and sites like them completely out of business. They eventually arranged a compromise, but that’s why there’s advertisements on those sites or some other funding model.
As for playing a song you own yourself, just remember that you own the right to listen to the song, not to display it—that right remains with the artist. So apply the Fair Use doctrine. Is it damaging their marketability to play the song in class? No, not really, so you’re fine. But if you put the song you own on the Internet, now you ARE damaging their marketability and breaking copyright law.
Brandon didn’t ask a question, but he raised a good point that I find is common among most people. He said: I think teachers use materials correctly most of the time because it is pretty easy to follow the fair use policy when you are using things for education. My professors at BYU have given me copies of chapters of books to read for class and that is okay because it meets the guidelines given above.
However, even giving out chapters of books, you are supposed to pay the artist for the right to do that if you do that every semester. If it’s a one-time thing, no big deal, but if it’s a regular part of your class, you are supposed to pay them. Which is why at BYU we have electronic reserve, where a professor requests a chapter, and the library pays the artist a LOT of money depending on how many students are taking that class.
Your tuition dollars at work!
So Fair Use is not a free get out of jail pass. You only qualify as fair use if you follow the guidelines.
Lindsey: Does this mean that teachers should not show a movie in its entirety at all? Also, if you want to analyze a song can you not play the entire song?
Good question Lindsey! Remember to apply Fair Use—how much will you be affecting marketability of the work? If you show the whole song on the web where millions can download it … probably not good. If you show the whole song in your class for only 30 kids one time, not a problem.
Probably the same for movies. However, if you are going to be showing the movie over and over every semester (increasing the number of people you are showing it too), you are supposed to purchase a copy of the movie and ask them for permission to do so. Most companies will be fine with this as long as you’re not putting them on the web and purchase a legal copy of the video (not just ripping it off TV or something).
Danielle: What educational reasons (when considering fair use) are just and which ones are not?
What counts as educational use is what you can argue before a court of law (if it ever came to that). But in reality, it will usually be what you can justify to yourself. Watching clips of videos related to your teaching? Sure. Watching Midnight in Paris for fun in Math class as a reward for 100% on a test? Uh-uh.
Meg: We watched so many movies in school. It wouldn’t just be one or two teachers, but the whole school. My school had a school-wide rewards program where one of the days if you earned it you would get to miss a few hours and they’d show movies: Shrek, Remember the Titans, Christmas Vacation. So you mean to say that even the administration in this case were violating copyright laws?
Yes, they would be … however if it’s the whole school, maybe they acquired permission to do so. In that case they would be fine.
McKinley: Some teachers put on music while we worked or let us put on music depending on the class. I don’t consider that a copyright violation. I would argue that hearing music only increases its market value because the more people hear songs the more they tend to like them. It’s a good way for music to get exposed to new audiences. I have rarely seen pictures cited in classes.
Yes, I think you’re right McKinley, sharing the music in class is probably fine but sharing it on the web for millions to download would not be. That’s the difference. With movies, it is also problematic because you often only watch movies one time.
Think about it, that’s why movie channels on TV are so expensive, but radio is free. Music artists want you to be able to hear (but not download) their material, but moviemakers not so much.
Justin: I have often wondered about youtube videos because they don’t seem to fit into the criteria that we have. I have wondered where they fit in this and if it is ok to show them during class if they are to get attention or settle down the class.
Most media companies police Youtube fairly well, so you’re probably safe in showing them. It’s why there’s getting to be a lot of advertising and links to buy music and so on with Youtube. However, if you know it’s a blatant copyright problem, then I wouldn’t show it. For example, many TV shows don’t want their material on Youtube during the current season, because they want you to pay to go to Hulu or iTunes. So if someone rips it off of the web and puts it on Youtube and you know they shouldn’t have, don’t spread it around. Have you ever seen the notices that say something was taken down for copyright reasons? That’s why.